能源与动力工程系

Department of Energy and Power Engineering

“烽火台”系列学术讲座第七十五期——High Pressure Combustion: Deflagration of Nitromethane

报告题目:High Pressure Combustion: Deflagration of Nitromethane

报告人: Prof. Richard A. Yetter

报告人单位:The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

报告时间:Nov. 8 (Thursday)4:00pm-5:00pm

报告地点:B-518, Lee Shau Kee Building of Science and Technology 

邀请人: Prof. Yu Cheng Liu

Abstract:

A new ultra-high-pressure optical chamber has been developed to facilitate direct observation of combustion experiments up to 300 MPa. This chamber features a relatively large 12liter volume for near-constant-pressure burning conditions. Experiments using this chamber are reported for the combustion of liquid nitromethane burning from ~3 – 100 MPa which reveal three regimes of burning behavior, with each regime having a different dependency of burning rate on pressure. The change in burning behavior appears to be a result of passage from subcritical to supercritical combustion producing hydrodynamic instability from loss of surface tension, then transition to cellular and turbulent combustion. Modeling results are presented investigating ideal and real gas behavior over the experimental pressure range.

Bio:

RICHARD A. YETTER is Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the Pennsylvania State University. He received his PhD from Princeton University. His research interests are in power and propulsion systems with particular emphasis on high-pressure combustion, heterogeneous combustion, and energetic materials. He was previously a Research Engineer at the Scientific Research Laboratories of Ford Motor Company, a Senior Research Scientist and Lecturer at Princeton University, and a Research Collaborator at the Brookhaven National Laboratory. He is editor of Combustion Science and Technology, associate editor of Energetic Materials and Chemical Propulsion, and currently serves on the editorial board of Progress in Energy and Combustion Science and Journal of Propulsion and Power. He is a fellow of the Combustion Institute and ASME and a member of the AIAA, SAE, MRS, and ACS. Dr Yetter is an author of over two hundred scientific publications, two books, and two US patents. He is the recipient of the Silver Medal from the Combustion Institute and the Propellants and Combustion Award from the AIAA.

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